All posts by Brendan Rigby

Brendan is an education and development specialist. Most recently, he was an Education Officer with UNICEF in Tamale, Ghana. This year, Brendan is a PhD candidate at the University of Melbourne’s Graduate School of Education studying the literacy practices of out-of-school children in Ghana and Myanmar. He is obsessed with tea, American football and karaoke.

What do Facebook reviews tell us (if anything) about NGOs?

Facebook has an estimated 1.35 billion active monthly users. Put another way, 19.5% of the world’s population uses Facebook. At no other time in recorded history have this many people, or this percentage of the global population, engaged in any such literacy practice, with the possible exception of SMS text messaging. Continue reading What do Facebook reviews tell us (if anything) about NGOs?

The Real World: Developing countries

“This is the true story… of eight development goals… picked to improve people’s lives…work together and have their indicators measured… to find out what happens… when people stop being polite… and start getting real…The Real World.”

The Real World, MTV’s longest-running series, has 30 seasons and 570+ episodes. Starting in 1992, each season picks seven or eight people in their mid-20s to live together, usually in a major U.S city. Their lives are filmed, documented, edited and packaged into 52-minute episodes (excluding ads). It used to be celebrated for tackling taboo issues of the 90s such as sexuality and racism. It was a cultural phenomenon – groundbreaking in its format, style and substance. Continue reading The Real World: Developing countries

Why We Dev: Celebrating 500 blog posts with a special surprise

In 2010, Justin Bieber’s “Baby” was released on his debut album, My World 2.0. The official YouTube music video has over 1 billion views. This was the 16-year old, pre-DUI, pre-assault and dangerous driving, pre-thug life Bieber. (Did you know he’s only 20?!) Much like the rebellious Bieber, WhyDev has grown since 2010, when we released our first blog post. Like “Baby”, we look back at it with a mixture of pride and cringe. But, it was our baby. Continue reading Why We Dev: Celebrating 500 blog posts with a special surprise

The tyranny and racism of distance

In an NBC spot for a Hurricane Katrina relief and fundraising concert in 2006, Mike Meyers is reading solemnly from cue cards. Next to Meyers is Kanye, looking and sounding torn and defeated. After highlighting the disproportionate effects of Katrina on African-Americans, Kanye goes off-script. First, he says, “They’ve given them [U.S soldiers] permission to go down and shoot us”. Meyers turns his head towards Kanye as if to remind him about something, but continues from his cue. Then, Kanye drops it. “George Bush doesn’t care about black people.” Meyers turns once again to Kanye, and the camera quickly cuts away to Chris Tucker.

Borno state is not the city of Paris. Nigeria is not France. 2,000 people is more than 17 people. A ten-year old female suicide bomber is infinitely more tragic and soul-wrenching than three armed gunman. #jesuischarlie is trending, #bringbackourgirls was trending. Both are fleeting moments of sentimentality, broader than they are deep. Scott Gilmore dryly said, “#JeSuisCharlie so please #BringBackOurGirls because #Kony2012 taught us hashtag slacktivism is very useful to resolve things like #GamerGate”. Social media has failed to close the distance between immediacy and death. The tyranny of distance reigns.

But, do we really not care about black people because of a distance that is both geographical and sociocultural? In other words, is distance racist?

Screen Shot 2015-01-14 at 11.50.36 am

I am Baga, which can mean “foolish”. I am slow to learn and understand. We are Baga. We are human, and our grief can only travel certain distances. It travels along paths that are familiar, guided by a sociocultural GPS. In 100 metres, turn left down Rue Nicolas Appert. Or, take an alternate route, turning right at the next intersection towards Baga, Borno.

Broken pencils and broken lives are what I am left with; a deep sense of ambiguity over where to feel. Attempting to attribute more value to one tragedy than the other seems absurd. We are forced to make such cold calculations, our GPS guiding the way. Black lives matter, white lives matter, all lives matter, but not all lives can be located. The number of media articles and trending hashtags is not a measure of compassion or apathy. But, it is a compass of our moral tacking. We are lost.

In order to adjust our bearings and reduce the distance, I’ve listed a select number of articles regarding recent events in northeastern Nigeria. A small effort to reduce the tyranny of distance.


“The scale, intensity, and manner of the solidarity that we are seeing for the victims of the Paris killings, encouraging as it may be, indicates how easy it is in Western societies to focus on radical Islamism as the real, or the only, enemy.” – Unmournable Bodies. New Yorker

Boko Haram’s ‘deadliest massacre': 2,000 feared dead in Nigeria. Guardian

Terrorists Killed 2,000 People in Nigeria Last Week. So Why Doesn’t the World Care? World.Mic

Why did the world ignore Boko Haram’s Baga attacks? Guardian

I am Charlie, but I am Baga too: On Nigeria’s forgotten massacre. Daily Maverick

Boko Haram Massacre: Baga survivors narrate ordeal. Premium Times

Je Suis Nigeria. African Arguments

Gathering news of a massacre. BBC World Service Radio

Boko Haram’s massacre in Nigeria: what happened and why. Vox

Nigeria’s military says 150 killed in Boko Haram clashes in Baga. Reuters

Dispatches: What Really Happened in Baga, Nigeria? Human Rights Watch


(Map from the BBC).


‘“It’s a little girl,” said the hospital official, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the delicacy of his position. “The body is beyond recognition, but from the face you can see it’s a young person. A young pretty girl.”’ – In Nigeria, New Boko Haram Suicide Bomber Tactic: ‘It’s a Little Girl’. New York Times

Boko Haram Uses Girls As Suicide Bombers, Reports Say. NPR

Nigeria’s Horror in Paris’s Shadow. The Atlantic

Boko Haram and the little girl whose name we will never know. Kindle

Female suicide bombers kill 39 in Potiskum, Maiduguri markets. Vanguard

Boko Haram, Borno state and Nigeria

“Tucked away in the remote north-eastern corner of Nigeria, Borno is one of its most mismanaged states, which is saying something. Its literacy rate is two-thirds lower than in Lagos, the southern business hub. Fewer than 5% of women in parts of Borno can read or write. Income per head is 50% lower than in the south, school attendance 75% lower. In the past the state government has been a byword for corruption. Elections have been noted for their thuggishness and dishonesty.” – “Nigeria’s crisis: A threat to the entire country.” The Economist

Boko Haram: The Other Islamic State. New York Times

Boko Haram crisis: Nigerian archbishop accuses West. BBC

Inside the Vigilante Fight Against Boko Haram. New York Times

‘Boko Haram’ doesn’t really mean ‘Western education is a sin’. Christian Science Monitor

Boko Haram crisis: Why it is hard to know the truth in Nigeria. BBC

Nigeria ‘needs same support as France’ after Boko Haram attacks -archbishop. Mail & Guardian Africa

Featured image is from a protest in New York City. Photo by Michael Fleshman.

This Year Today: What Kim & Kanye will mean for development in 2015

Welcome to the United Nations International Year of Soils and of Light. No, the UN hasn’t opened an Astrology department or adopted the Chinese zodiac calendar. (Next year is the Year of the Green Wooden Sheep.) The Year of Soils is, according to Dr. Richard Doyle of the University of Tasmania, about getting youth excited about soils. “Get them off their iPads, out of playing video game Mine Craft, which are about imaginary mining and imaginary soils. Actually get them out there feeling soils, feeling the texture, smelling the soils.” So, get off your phone, turn off your lights, and go get some soils.

This year at WhyDev

It is an exciting year ahead for WhyDev. We’re entering our 5th year of operations, and will soon hit 500 blog posts. Our original mission has not changed all that much – to foster and provide an online community for those committed to getting development right. This year, we’re hitting our stride, and building this community through AidSource, partnerships and service delivery. Not only are we aiming to foster a collaborative and critical community, but also a healthy and supportive one.

This year on the team

To achieve this, we are very happy to have three more committed peers join our gang. And, they couldn’t be more over-qualified and amazing. Alysia Antonucci will be managing AidSource, Jessica Meckler will be leading our partnerships, and Nicole Tooby will be helping us engage youth.

This year in globaldev

In the tradition of New Year posts, it’s customary to predict trends for the coming year. Is Baghdadi 2015 the next Kony 2012? What is Bono planning for Africa? When will Kanye and Kim take a step towards philanthropy and world-saving? I wish I had the answers. In the meantime, a few items to keep track of, which we will evaluate in at the end of this program cycle:

1. Post-2015: The difference between ‘promote’ and ‘ensure’.

As we move closer to the end of the Millennium Developments Goals (and head towards the Quantum Development Goals? The Millennium Falcon Development Goals?), what our focus needs to be on are these two verbs: promote and ensure. Whether nations agree at the UN Summit in September to promote certain goals or to ensure them is too important to overstate, and it’s a political rodeo that will be largely closed off to the 99%.

2. Too many do-gooders, not enough jobs.

Exit your degree like I exit the turn-pike / Dicing development like dyn-o-mite. If you are not a Fugees fan, then I apologise for the lost reference of the preceding sentences. If you are a Fugees fan, then I apologise for the hatchet job of Pras’ lyrics. We’re entering an unprecedented era in do-gooding aspirations, with more Development Studies degrees than the Bible has Psalms. Although we don’t have any data, the number of under- and post-graduate degrees in Development Studies is growing, but the sector they wish to enter is perhaps shrinking.

3. Social enterprise is the new MONGO.

#2 then leads to #3, in which we will see a shift away from My Own NGO towards My Own Social Enterprise. MOSE. This phenomenon has already been documented in Bloomberg, and I believe it will only continue to grow. Conversely, and despite the pushback from WhyDev and others, we will see a growth in voluntourism, with more and more travel companies putting poverty on the list of attractions and itineraries. You can just imagine Contiki offering an all-inclusive Africa Slum + Party Package for 14 days, in which the young traveller gets down and dirty in the slums and clubs of Nairobi.

4. Beyond aid: Remittences, private sector and impact investment.

This is a trend we trot out at the beginning of every year, but this time it is different. Since its inception, foreign aid, as in Official Development Assistance (ODA), has been relatively flat in terms of growth. It has also always been subject to donor’s national interests. So, I don’t believe we will ever see substantial increases across the OECD family that are sustained and committed. Yet, development doesn’t begin and end with ODA. Remittences, private sector, concessional loans, foreign direct investment and impact investing are more significant in terms of volume and poverty alleviation than ODA. We need a wholesale re-imagining of what ODA can achieve, and how it can achieve its purported aims.

5. “I’m not a businessman; I’m a business, man / So let me handle my business, damn.” – Jay Z

NGOs and international development agencies are increasingly adopting the nomenclature and discourse of business and the private sector. And, it doesn’t look to be slowing down. Whether this means the actual practice of development will be done differently is an entirely other matter. Beneficiaries may become customers, but if they’re treated like Comcast customers, then god help us all.

 6. Last but not least, Kanye and Kim will become the Bill and Melinda Gates of hip-hop and Hollywood.

Yo Geldolf, I’m really happy for you, and Imma let you finish. But, Bill and Melinda had one of the best campaigns of all time.

Kim and Kanye are yet to fully submerge themselves in global development, advocacy and celebrity intervention, but I have a good feeling that this is their year to shine and commit themselves to eradicating something somewhere in Africa.

Love reading Last Week Today? To keep getting the best global development news and insights each week, just subscribe to our mailing list. We won’t be posting the newsletter to the blog anymore. Why? Because we’ll be sharing content throughout the year especially for our loyal supporters. You! So, sign up to get Last Week Today sent staight to your inbox every Friday. It’s that simple.

Featured image from Wikimedia Commons.

Jaden and Willow Smith’s Guide to Global Development

In recent years, there have been tremors around the edges of celebrity activism and involvement in global development. Most recently, it was Bob Geldof getting BandAid back together. Angelina Jolie is a constant, but we can only fault her for her acting. Hermione Granger Emma Watson brought the house down at the U.N early this year and created gender equality. Madonna. Bono. Clooney. Affleck. Persons who have become synonymous with celebrity activism and advocacy. But, we are missing two.

Now, this is a story all about how / two kids got the ‘net flipped-turned upside down.

And, I’d like to take a minute / just sit right there.

I’ll tell you how these two princelings found new flair (in global development).

Jaden and Willow Smith attempted, perhaps inadvertently, to break the Internet, in what is perhaps the most wonderfully bizarre interview ever given by two children.  Willow, after whipping her hair repeatedly, became a youth ambassador for Project Zambi, which provides assistance to Zambian children orphaned by HIV/AIDS. Jaden, the new karate kid, is also an ambassador. With their powers combined, they have created a unique framework for addressing global development. Digging through their interview reveals there are three pillars to this framework: education, economics and health.

The Jaden and Willow Smith Guide to Global Development

Education: The distribution of teaching and learning materials to schoolchildren to increase achievement and learning needs to end. Jaden and Willow (henceforth referred to as J-Low) advocate for a self-directed and independent approach to reading, learning and literacy. “There’re no novels that I like to read, so I write my own novels, and then I read them again, and it’s the best thing”, says Willow. Rather than distribute costly teaching and learning materials, students should be encouraged to write their own books and then read their own books. It is a sustainable and student-centred solution that will lower costly school resourcing and help create a never-ending cycle of reading and writing.

In addition to reading and writing their own books, J-Low advocate for a school-free approach to learning. Jaden explains, “You never learn anything in school. Think about how many car accidents happen every day. Driver’s ed? What’s up? I still haven’t been to driver’s ed because if everybody I know has been in an accident, I can’t see how driver’s ed is really helping them out.” His philosophy is backed by evidence, which shows that, while more students are attending school, they’re not achieving learning outcomes or completing full cycles of basic education and are instead dropping out. Indeed, teacher attendance, time on-task and other measures of effectiveness are low, forcing us to ask: is school even necessary?

Willow went to school for one year, and then, like many girls in developing countries, dropped out. “It was the best experience but the worst experience. The best experience because I was, like, ‘Oh, now I know why kids are so depressed.’ But it was the worst experience because I was depressed”, she recalls. J-Low back a lifelong learning approach to education, arguing that learning never ends and that the school they go every morning is life. They join other education advocates in ensuring lifelong learning is captured in the Sustainable Development Goals.

Economics: J-Low argue for a return to the economic shock therapies of the 1980s to reinvigorate not only national economies, but the global economic system. The IMF and World Bank’s Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAPs) provided loans that came with conditions on public spending, and were aimed at shocking free-market policies and programs into being. “The only way to change something is to shock it. If you want your muscles to grow, you have to shock them. If you want society to change, you have to shock them”, says Jaden, advocating for greater austerity measures, particularly reductions in education budgets as this aligns with their education approach. Willow sees this as more than a pragmatic policy measure. Indeed, there is an art to it, and SAPs can be considered a form of art. “That’s what art is, shocking people. Sometimes shocking yourself”.

Health: As global health challenges continue to mount with Ebola, malaria, polio and non-communicable diseases going uneradicated, it is perhaps time to harness a new approach to global health and well-being. Prana energy. Jaden explains – “When babies are born, their soft spots bump: It has, like, a heartbeat in it. That’s because energy is coming through their body, up and down. It’s prana energy because they still breathe through their stomach. They remember. Babies remember.”

J-Low advocate for the mainstreaming of prana energy into global health policies, programs and interventions. Maternal and newborn health programs need early screening and detection of prana energy, with community sensitisation and public awareness-raising campaigns to educate the public on how to harness prana energy. Although there are no current impact evaluations, it is recommended that randomised control trials seek to understand and measure the efficacy of prana interventions. #PranaForAll

In the end, global development is not about education, economics or health. It’s not even about livelihoods, employment or having enough money to support yourself and your family. For J-Low, it is about the sustainable artistic journey and the footprint you leave. “That’s another thing: What’s your job, what’s your career? Nah, I am. I’m going to imprint myself on everything in this world.”

Featured image is Jaden and Willow Smith. Photo from Pretty Much Amazing.

Why I’m anti anti-poverty

“Penie (Πενιη) is indeed well known, even though she belongs to someone else. She does not visit the marketplace or the courts, since everywhere her status is inferior, everywhere she is scorned, and everywhere she is equally hated, regardless of where she is.” – Theognis, Fragment 1. 267 6th Century (BCE)

Penie was an ancient Greek spirit, the personification of poverty. She was a sister to Amekhania (helplessness) and Ptokheia (beggary). Sometimes, she is considered the mother of the god Eros, whose Roman counterpart is well-known to us. (Cupid.) Poverty, it seems, gave birth to desire.

Anti- (ἀντί) comes from the Ancient Greek and is used as a prefix to mean “against.” It has a range of meanings, however, from “in exchange for” to “instead of.” Anti-clockwise, anti-bacterial, anti-matter. Not to be confused with ante, of Latin origin, which means “before.”

Although the Greeks did not have an anti-poverty god, they did have Ploutos, the god of wealth. As the mythology goes, Zeus blinded him so he couldn’t favour righteous men exclusively but might distribute his gifts blindly and without any regard to merit. (Mt. Olympus was apparently a socialist hotbed.) Clearly, Ploutos was not blind and rarely favoured righteous men.

October 12-18 is Anti-Poverty Week in Australia. But, I’m confused (not unusual). What does “anti-poverty” mean? (cf. girl child). I get it as a prefix elsewhere. Antibiotics are substances, such as penicillin or streptomycin, that can destroy or inhibit the growth of other microorganisms. Anti-discrimination is against the unfair treatment of a person, racial group, minority, etc., and any action based on prejudice. 

If something or someone is “anti-poverty,” what exactly are they against?

Are they against people living below the World Bank’s threshold of $2 a day (PPP) at 2005 international prices? Are they against the OECD standard of 50% of median income, which works out to roughly $51 a day? Almost 13% of the Australian population live below the latter, while 84.5% of Nigerians the former. Or, are they against multidimensional poverty?


The anti-poverty advocate

An article popped up in my Facebook newsfeed, highlighting the story of a young U.S student becoming a “global anti-poverty activist” rather than a doctor (as her parents wished). She should have studied medicine and become a doctor. In Australia, as of 2011, the medical profession is still dominated by men.  Only one third of specialists are women. Similar statistics exist in the U.S. And, this is only access. The statistics and stories behind drop-out rate, median incomes and discrimination for women in medicine highlight pervasive inequity.

We don’t need more anti-poverty advocates, because it’s unclear what you are anti- and what you can achieve by being anti-. The message is muddled. Are you against injustice, discrimination, exclusion and destitution? That’s a tall order. Do you want to “Make Poverty History” or just end extreme poverty by 2030? Those are two very different goals that are defined in very narrow terms.

The poverty of anti-poverty

When we speak and think about poverty, our concept is dominated by economic destitution. Ploutos. Cash money. However, wealth isn’t enough. Poverty is multidimensional. India’s economic growth has been strong in recent years; however, the prevalence of child malnutrition is almost 50%. Research shows that those living in poverty describe their lived experiences in broad terms: poor health, malnutrition, inadequate water and sanitation access, social exclusion, low education access, violence, discrimination, shame, disempowerment and the list goes on. Their desire to live free of Penie’s strong grip goes beyond the line of sight of Ploutos.

The UNDP has a Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), which was published for the first time in 2010. “Almost 1.5 billion people in the 91 countries covered by the MPI—more than a third of their population — live in multidimensional poverty…This exceeds the estimated 1.2 billion people in those countries who live on $1.25 a day or less.”

However, public advocacy campaigns and campaigners, driven by organisations such as Global Citizen, are narrowing, reducing and defining people’s experience of poverty. The focus is now on extreme poverty. That is, living on less that US$1.25 per day (PPP). It is apparently the campaign of our generation. To end extreme poverty by 2030. We are now asking people to be anti-extreme poverty.

We celebrate the halving of poverty over the past two decades, despite the fact that most of the action was in China after economic liberalisation. This statistic is often used to justify the global development and foreign aid architecture. Yet, over 27% of China’s population still lives below the US$2 per day line (almost 12% below the extreme poverty line of $1.25), the wealth gap between rural and urban citizens is widening, and one in seven of the world’s extreme poor are Chinese.

Anti anti-poverty

It is almost unnecessary to use the term “anti-poverty.” Is poverty something that needs an anti- prefix? I don’t think so. Antibiotics effectively fight other microorganisms that could otherwise kill people. Anti-discrimination laws enshrine and secure the right for people to be treated equally in economic, social and political transactions and participation. What does anti-poverty do and mean?

Martin Ravallion evaluates the evaluation of anti-poverty programs, with programs ranging from conditional cash transfers to food-for-education schemes. Besides critical findings such as the need for evaluations to draw on a range of tools and the importance of social and cultural context (duh!), what sticks out is the broad range of programs considered to be anti-poverty. Anything could be anti-poverty.

Ravallion concludes, “We have learnt that the context in which a program is placed and the characteristics of the participants can exercise a power influence on outcomes.” Oh yes, we forgot about them. The beneficiaries. The target population. The people actually experiencing poverty. Being anti-poverty takes the power away from those in poverty and gives it to the program, to the advocate. Anti-poverty frames the lived experience of people around notions of deficiency, destitution and disempowerment.

In an oft-quoted speech in 2005 for the Make Poverty History campaign, Nelson Mandela said, “Like slavery and apartheid, poverty is not natural. It is man-made and it can be overcome and eradicated by the actions of human beings. And overcoming poverty is not a gesture of charity. It is an act of justice.” He called out the generation in front of him to be those human beings. Yet, we often aim to be anti-poverty through charity, rather than justice. Anti-poverty is pro-charity, pro-foreign aid, which is not what is necessarily needed or desired.

Photo by: Brendan Rigby.

Go pro 

You are anti-poverty, anti-racism, anti-discrimination. But, what are you pro? People’s lives are defined by more than what they don’t have or what line they live below or above. Poverty is not someone’s only lived experience. There is love. There is happiness. There are dreams. There is dignity. This is not to romanticise poverty or fall into the “nobility of the poor” discourse. It’s to remind us that poverty is complex and can’t be reduced to a line you can live below or necessarily understand. Most importantly, it is not about you and your desires. Here is where I would tell you what it is about. However, that’s not for me to decide. I know nothing of poverty.

“Ah wretched Penie, why do you lie upon my shoulders and deform my body and mind? Forcibly and against my will you teach me much that is shameful, although I know what is noble and honourable among men.” – Theognis, Fragment 1. 649

Featured image: Statue of Eirene, the Greek personification of peace, with Ploutos, the god of wealth, as an infant. Photo by Francesca Tronchin.

What Tim Minchin can teach you about working in global development

I’ve been sitting on a number of career panels recently. Melbourne is the Australian capital for NGO HQs, social enterprise, development students and cafes. These events are popular. Students are thirsty for the holy grail of career advice. I’m far from the best person to offer advice for a number of reasons. I like to take a different tack.

Ask not how do you get a job in development, but how can you best contribute to justice, human rights and people’s well being.

I’ve considered a number of times asking attendees to “Sell me this pen,” or screaming, “Don’t start an NGO!!” Thankfully, I’m more reserved and promote a reflexive approach to my pitch.

Although Tim Minchin isn’t my favourite comedian (Aamer Rahman), his address to students at the University of Western Australia was poignant, unapologetic and irreverent. Just what I needed to inspire a click-bait friendly post about what he can teach you about working in global development.

1. You don’t have to have a dream

Recently, there has been a trend of blog posts and research advocating for a focus on short-term, discrete goals, particularly when it comes your own life. A range of PhD advice centres on chunks. Don’t get caught up on the whole. It is overwhelming. Break it down into discrete, manageable and achievable tasks.

A dream can be overwhelming, particularly when others speak of having or obtaining one. Ending extreme poverty comes to mind.

Minchin says to be “micro-ambitious” and work with pride on whatever is in front of you. It doesn’t matter if you’re editing a boring mid-term report for a disinterested donor or yet another grant application with a 0.01% chance of success. “You never know where you might end up.”

Working in global development is by no means linear, stable or secure. Yes, there are those who’ve wanted to work for “the UN” since they were the under-secretary of the Model UN at Parkville High School. But, shit happens.

2. Don’t seek happiness

“Happiness is like an orgasm. If you think about it too much it goes away.”

If you want to be happy, make someone else happy. This taps into the notion of mindfulness and awareness about being less selfish, less egotistical. It is difficult. Working in global development sometimes feels like a circle jerk. It can feel really good, and everyone in the circle is feeling good, but it is also wrong. The ethical, philosophical and very practical dilemmas of the industry are hard to reconcile and find happiness within. Can you work in a flawed industry and still do good? Let me put that another way. Can you work in a flawed industry and find happiness?

3. It is all luck

This is about privilege. You can always acknowledge it, and it is important to do so, but you can never outrun it. If you work in global development, you are lucky. Lucky to be alive. Lucky to be educated. Lucky to be healthy. You are privileged. Yes, you worked hard for it (some of you didn’t), but as Minchin says, “I didn’t make the bit  of me that works hard”.

Don’t take full credit for your successes and don’t blame others fully for their failings. It will make you humble, compassionate and empathetic. Although it sounds like something the Dalai Lama would say with an enlightened smile, they are wise words from a man who wears a lot of black eye-liner.

4, Exercise

Take care of your body. Run, jog, practice yoga, do aerobics, try heyrobics, eat well, sleep enough, don’t smoke, drink moderately. Working in global development will pit your emotional, mental and physical energies against the world, against violence, cruelty and hardship.

If you are lucky enough to work overseas, you will most likely experience stress, depression, isolation, compassion fatigue and perhaps even show symptoms of PTSD. You’ve got a long life ahead of you. Get active.

5. Be hard on your opinions

This is my favourite one. Global development is rife with entrenched positions, program inertia and anecdotal evidence. Change does start within. We’re always bashing other people’s theories of change, opinions about development minutiae and where to get the best coffee (Melbourne).

But, what about our own hard-won beliefs, biases and prejudices? “Be hard on your beliefs. Take them out onto the veranda and hit them with a cricket bat”. (A cricket bat.) You know nothing, aid worker. Many of our failings in global development are found in a failure to communicate because we are too wrapped up in our own beliefs.

6. Be a teacher*

Okay, so this is my new favourite one. “Even if you are not a teacher, be a teacher.” But, this comes with a caveat. This does not mean go and volunteer to teach English in Ghana during summer break. No. And I’m speaking to you, the 22-year old white female from [Australia, Europe, North America], studying business but wanting an adventure in Africa over the holidays.

If you want to teach, even just to give it a go – and will commit to it for a period of time – go and get a degree. Read John Dewey, Paulo Freire, Maria Montessori and Michelle Rhee, and get pumped about being a professional educator. You want to change the world and make a difference? Be a teacher.

7. Define yourself by what you love

It is not about what you are in opposition to; express your love for things, places, people and ideas you are passionate about. “Be pro-stuff, not just anti-stuff.”

Yes, yes, yes, we know voluntourism is the embarrassing, slightly perverted uncle of volunteering, but what are the alternatives? What should people who are willing to give their time, and pay for it, be doing?

You are anti-voluntourism, anti-TOMS, anti-IMF SAPs, anti-religion, anti-capitalism. But what are you pro?

8. Respect people with less power than you

How do you treat your interns? How do you treat the community members your organisation works with? Do you show friendliness or friendship?

Friendliness is benign. It is that demeanour you adopt when visiting communities. You arrive in a community and go through the customs of greeting its senior members, with a kind smile on your face, aware of your status and the blessings you bring. You soak up the exoticness of it, aware of your, and the community’s, otherness. You are a Big Man/Big Woman. The magical symbols and capital letters that represent your tribe give you power. At the back of your mind, you hear the faint whisper of Kanye. “I am a god / So hurry up with my damn massage.”

And there is friendship that is powerful, humble and respectful. It takes a step back, relinquishes power and empowers. You are small in the company of others, aware of your privilege but not consumed by it. R E S P E C T. Find out what it means to you.

9. Don’t rush

Relax. You don’t need to know what your career in global development or elsewhere will be. No one knows. It ain’t that simple. Take time to figure shit out. What are you good at? What do you love? Who do you love? What will people pay you to do?

Think carefully before entering global development. We need critical, reflexive, humble people; not just do-gooders. Hell, global development may not even need you. In the wise words of Tina Turner, we don’t need another hero.

Watch Minchin’s full address below.

Featured image by Lyndsey Brown.

Results for the Top 5 Aid Worker Tunes are in. You won’t believe what they are!

The results are in! 475 votes were cast, despite no incentive being offered and a lack of Ryan Seacrest. What follows is an annotated bibliography of the Top 5 Aid Worker Tunes, starting with #5.

#5  Chop My Money (P-Square)

No surprises this dance floor classic made the Top 5, particularly for those aid workers who have been on assignment in West Africa. Nigerian twin brothers, Peter and Paul Okoye, signed a record deal with Akon’s Konvict Muzik record label in 2011, and Akon himself features on this track. Amassing over 21 million views on YouTube, “chop my money” essentially means “spend my money,” which the Brothers P proclaim again and again that they don’t care. I’m not sure on the origins, but “chopmoney” in Ghana at least refers to money usually given by a husband to his wife for food.

#4  99 Problems (Jay Z)

Like Katy Perry, a dark horse where this list is concerned. Personally, I’m very happy to see it made the Top 5. It is another problem less that Jay Z has to worry about. “If you having list problems I feel bad for you soon. I got 99 problems but WhyDev ain’t one.” Produced by legend Rick Rubin, the title and chorus actually come from an early version by Law & Order’s Ice-T. According to Jay-Z, he is referring to a police dog, and not to a woman.

#3  Circle of Life (The Lion King)

Further embedding stereotypes of the African continent and providing parody material for years to come, “Circle of Life” is a classic late night, drunken aid worker house party anthem. Usually played around midnight or soon after, the song unites the inebriated in a joyous celebration of childhood, white man’s burden and arms raised to the sky. (Do you realise The Lion King  is 20 years old? There are students studying development as undergraduates right now, who did not grow up with the film and its glorious soundtrack).

#2  Imagine (John Lennon)

Imagine if this song didn’t make it into the Top 5? Not so much a party anthem, but rather a war cry for peace, unity and the dissolution of government, religion and statehood, “Imagine” is an aid worker’s wet dream. Lennon stated that the song is “virtually a Communist Manifesto even though I am not particularly a Communist and I do not belong to any movement.” It’s also in Rolling Stone’s top 5 of the greatest 500 songs of all time.

#1  Africa (Toto)

The odds of “Africa” coming in at #1 were about 2 to 1. Although the YouTube video has fewer views than “Chop My Money,” this is the anthem of ex-pat aid workers all around the world. The rest of the world was introduced to it by the animated series Family Guy, in which a flashback shows Peter’s neighbour Joe (cop, eventually wheelchair-bound) meeting his wife Bonnie for the first time. In a strip club. To the music of Toto. As she gives him a lap dance.  The actual music video is far stranger. It features a library, a globe and a spear. Oh, and there is a book he takes from the shelf entitled “Africa.” However, the real kicker is the idea behind the song, which is aptly explained by the drummer, Jeff Porcaro: “… a white boy is trying to write a song on Africa, but since he’s never been there, he can only tell what he’s seen on TV or remembers in the past.” Lead singer, David Paich continues and tell us what we all knew deep down:

“At the beginning of the ’80s, I watched a late night documentary on TV about all the terrible death and suffering of the people in Africa. It both moved and appalled me, and the pictures just wouldn’t leave my head. I tried to imagine how I’d feel about if I was there and what I’d do.”

In addition, I’ve chosen one song from the list of “Other” songs nominated by voters for the inaugural Kenny Loggins Honourable Mention WhyDev Award for Merit. It of course goes to “Danger Zone,” by the award’s namesake. Thanks to the music video and its counterpart Top Gun, Navy recruitment spiked in 1986 when the film was released. Somehow I don’t think Brad Pitt’s World War Z  had the same effect for NGOs and the UN.

The rest of the nominations:

Give a Little Bit (Goo Goo Dolls)
Emma (Emmanual Jal)
Once in a Lifetime (Talking Heads)
Inner Ninja (Classified)
Moonshine (Bruno Mars)
Redemption Song (Bob Marly)
Living Darfur (Mattafix)
Roar (Katy Perry)
Danger Zone (Kenny Loggins)
Disparate Youth (Santigold)
Fix You (Coldplay)
Sleep Now in the Fire (Rage Against the Machine)
Leaving on a Jet Plane (John Denver)
Roam (B52s)
Wavin’ Flag (K’naan feat. David Bisbal)
Taking Care of Business (BTO)
My Heart Will Go On (Celine Deon)
Hall of Fame (The Script)
We Found Love (Rihanna)
Like a Rolling Stone (Bob Dylan)
Leaders of the Free World (Elbow)
I Wanna Dance with Somebody (Whitney Houston)
If I Was President (Wyclef Jean)
On the Floor (Jennifer Lopez)
Last Night on Earth (U2)
Wonderwall (Oasis)